"“From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the continent”, declares British Prime Minister W. Churchill, condemning Soviet Union’s policies in Europe."
"The United States put in place the “Marshall Plan”, giving over $13 billion to support the recovery of Western European economies after WWII. It aimed at making Europe prosperous again and prevent the spread of communism."
"First major crisis of the cold war. The USSR blocked roads giving access to the Western part of Berlin, under France, Britain and the US’ control. In response, the Western Allies organized the Berlin airlift to provide necessary supplies to Berliners by plane for over a year."
"The US, Canada and 10 other Western countries sign the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, a military alliance against the Soviet threat extending America’s nuclear deterrence to cover Europe."
"After winning the civil war against the nationalists in China, communist leader Mao Zedong proclaims the People’s Republic of China. The loss of the country to communism was a severe blow to the US."
"During 3 years, the Korean conflict between the North and the South transposes the conflict between the US and the Western world, backing South, and USSR and China, backing the North."
"A military pact is signed between the Soviet Union and 7 satellites states in central Europe, in response to the threat of the NATO."
"The launch of Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, by the Soviets spreads panic in the US, who fear nuclear threat. This leads the country to enter the space race and create the NASA a year later."
"During an aerial photographic reconnaissance flight over USSR, American U-2 aircraft is shot down by the Soviets, capturing its pilot alive. This led to an embarrassing admission of the US administration of espionage activities in USSR."
"A US spy plane discovers the construction of a Soviet nuclear site in Cuba, leading the world the closest it had ever been to nuclear war. The disaster was prevented by the agreement to remove missiles in exchange to not invade Cuba, and secretly remove US missiles in Turkey."
"As the communist North fights the South, the US enter the conflict, which will be long, costly and divisive: over 3 million people, including civilians and Americans were killed. After the US left in 1973, the Communists seized control of the South and united the country in 1975."
"Several countries, including nuclear and non-nuclear powers, signed a treaty to promote peaceful cooperation and engage nuclear disarmament. Entered into effect in 1970, 191 countries have adhered to it in 2016."
"At the height of the cold war, a symbolic battle is fought over the chessboard between the US and the Soviet U nion, for the World Champion title. American Bobby Fischer 12.5-8.5 against defending champion Boris Spassky."
"The Afghan war was another proxy war between the US and the USSR, where the Soviets supported the Afghans against the mujahideens, the rebel group backed by the US. The conflict lasted 9 years and resulted in hundreds of thousands of casualties."
"Perestroika (“restructuring”) and glasnost (“openness”) was a political movement launched by Mikhail Gorbatchev to reform the Soviet political and economical systems."
"The wall was brought down by Berliners and with it fell a symbol of the Cold War and the end of the Iron Curtain dominance. Two years later, the the Soviet Union collapsed."