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The cinematography 5
By Pauline Malzac

  1. 20 May, 1891

    Invention of the Kinetograph by Edison

    "Thomas Edison creates 2 complementary devices: The kinetograph to capture sequential pictures and the kinetoscope, to visualize them, but only Through a slot, and so one by one. On the 1st 1st film, we can see William Dickson, Edison’s right-hand, greeting to the camera lens."

  2. 22 March, 1895

    Lumière Brothers invente the Cinematograph

    "Inspired bu the kinetoscop, Lumière Brothers invente the cinematograph, which permits to capture motion pictures, but also to project them on screen. The first projection at The Grand Café in Paris, in front of scholars shows a 46-seconds documentary “Workers leaving the Lumiere Factory”. "

  3. 21 Septembe, 1895

    Presentation of the first fiction movie

    "In their house, at La Ciotat, Lumière Brothers introduce the very first fiction movie: L’Arroseur Arrosé (the Waterer Watered). Despite this, documentaries are still their main production topic. "

  4. 1896

    Invention of the tracking shot

    "By filming on board of a gondola in Venice, Lumière Brothers bring to the cinematic art the tracking shot"

  5. 1900

    English cineasts invente film editing & action continuity

    "George Albert Smith and others cineasts from Brighton pioneered the use of the close-up shot Indeed, they carry out a revolution inventing the film editing and continuous action. Their movie “Grandma’s Reading Glass”"

  6. 1 September, 1902

    Release of “A trip to the Moon” by Georges Mélies

    "The famous “Trip to the moon” of G. Mélies is released et knows a big success. Due to its carrier as an illusionist which he has used in movies, Mélies is considered as a pionner in special effects, and this film can be considered as the first science fiction movie."

  7. 1912

    Hollywood is born

    "Hollywood, a little town annexed to Los Angeles, welcomes major motion-picture companies. It is said that producters were hiding from Edison who was holding many patents on motion picture and film pellicules. At this moment, actors also begin to receive screen credit and fame"

  8. 6 August, 1926

    First major motion picture with synchronized soundtrack

    "The Western Electric invents the Vitaphone which synchronizes a soundtrack with a motion picture. Warner Brothers (4 showmen who will found the empire Warner Bros) buy and exploit the license of the Vitaphone to produce the very first musical film “Don Juan”."

  9. 6 October, 1927

    Begining of the age of sound films

    "Warner Bros produces the “Jazzing man”, first talking movie. It starts large debates on the interest of that kind of movies called “talkies”. So, for a long time, majority of Hollywood movies were produced in dual versions, silent as well as talking. "

  10. 16 May, 1929

    First Oscars Ceremony

    "The first Academy Awards Ceremony was a private dinner with an audience of about 270 people. Winners had been announced to media three months earlier."

  11. 30 July, 1932

    Walt Disney produces the first entirely colored cartoon

    "Flowers and Trees is was the first cartoon to be produced in the full-color 3-strip. It was already in production in black-and-white before Disney discovered the 3-strip Technicolor. He stopped and he restarted the production of the cartoon integrating the color as we know it today."

  12. 28 June, 1935

    First film with Technicolor (trichroma)

    "Becky Sharp is the first movie using the technology 3-ships Technicolor."

  13. 25 February, 1936

    Charlie Chaplin plays in “Modern Times”

    "It is one of the most popular movies of Charlie Chaplin and relates the life of a factory worker in a industrial world. The film attracts criticism for being almost completely silent, despite of the fact that the movie industry has mastered the talking picture since a long time."

  14. 20 June, 1975

    Release of Jaws, first usage of the term blockbuster

    "Directed by Steven Spielberg, Jaws is considered as the highest-grossing film of all time at this moment. The term “blockbuster” appears at the release of the film, and this creates a new genre of movies: attraction of the crowds and great audiences, big succes, important budget and marketing etc. "

  15. 19 December, 1997

    Release of “Titanic”, biggest box office in history

    "The movie “Titanic”, directed by James Cameron has been the biggest succes at the boxoffice in the history, and during 12 years. The only movie which has took its rank is Avatar in 2012, also directed by James Cameron."

  16. 16 May, 1999

    First major numeric movie

    "In Star Wars: Episode I – “The Phantom Menace”, Georges Lucas includes footage filmed with high-definition digital cameras and he is thus recognized as a pioneer in the digital cinematography. 17 years later, 98.2% of the world’s cinema screens are now digitised"

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