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Alan Turing 3
By Jonathan Pinet

  1. 23 June, 1912

    Birth of Alan Turing

    "Alan Turing is the son of Julius Mathison and Ethel Sara Turing. As his father worked in India in the British Administration, Alan and his brother spent most of their childhood in foster care."

  2. February, 1930

    Death of his friend Christopher Morcom

    "While reading at Sherborne, Alan develops a strong friendship with Christopher Morcom, but Christopher suddenly dies of tuberculosis, leaving Alan in great devastated. This death led Alan to explore possibilities of mind and brain, hoping to keep Christopher alive."

  3. 1934

    Graduation from Cambridge

    "Alan graduates with distinction in Mathematics from Cambridge and is honored as a Fellow of King’s College. During this time, Turing explored abstract mathematical theories such as probability and logic, laying the ground for his “universal computing machine”, or Turing machine."

  4. 1938

    First computing ideas

    "Alan obtains a PhD in mathematics from Princeton University, and published a paper on computable numbers, that is widely considered as the first paper discussing the idea of computer science."

  5. September, 1939

    Time at Bletchley Park

    "As the UK enters was with Germany, Alan joins the GC&CS at Bletchley Park and takes command of Hut 8, responsible for cryptanalysis of the messages from Enigma."

  6. 18 March, 1940

    The Bombe

    "With Gord on Welchman, Alan builds a machine, the “Bombe”, to automate crytpanalysis of the Enigma messages, helping the Allies understand German communications 2 years later. Historians estimate this work helped shorten the war in Europe by 2 to 4 years."

  7. 1946

    Appointment as OBE

    "At the end of the war, Alan Turing is appointed Office of the British Empire by King George VI for his wartime services, but his work remained secret for long."

  8. 1950

    The Turing Test

    "Alan publishes his famous paper ’Computing Machinery and Intelligence’, introducing the idea of the imitation game, or the Turing Test. This is a key milestone in the field of artificial intelligence, as it compares human and machine outputs."

  9. 1952

    Conviction for indecency

    "The police finds out about Turing’s relationship with a man, at a time where homosexuality was a criminal offence in the UK. After his trial, he is offered chemical treatment as an alternative to prison."

  10. 1953

    First Chess program

    "While the program did not run on a computer, Turing is credited with t he first computer chess program through an algorithm that carried instructions to the board."

  11. 7 June, 1954

    Death by Cyanide

    "Turing committed suicide at his home by eating an apple laced with cyanide."

  12. 2013

    Royal Pardon

    "Following a petition by British citizens, Turing was granted a royal pardon posthumously by Queen Elizabeth, revoking his criminal conviction."

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