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Architecture Ages in the Western World 1
By Gang-Ting Liou

  1. 11,600 B.C. to 3,500 B.C.

    Prehistoric Times

    "Prehistoric architecture includes monumental structures such as Stonehenge, cliff dwellings in the Americas, and thatch and mud structures lost to time. The dawn of architecture is found in these structures built by man."

  2. 3,050 B.C. to 900 B.C.

    Ancient Egypt

    "In ancient Egypt, powerful rulers constructed monumental pyramids, temples, and shrines. Far from primitive, enormous structures such as the Pyramids of Giza were feats of engineering capable of reaching great heights. "

  3. 850 B.C. to A.D. 476


    "Classical architecture is the style and design of buildings and the built environment of ancient Greece and ancient Rome. Classical architecture has always shaped the way we have built in Western colonies around the world."

  4. 527 to 565


    "Buildings were designed with a central dome that eventually rose to new heights by using engineering practices refined in the Middle East. This era of architectural history was transitional and transformational."

  5. 800 to 1200


    "As Rome spread across Europe, heavier, stocky Romanesque architecture with rounded arches emerged. Churches and castles of the early Medieval period were constructed with thick walls and heavy piers."

  6. 1100 to 1450


    "Early in the 12th century, Gothic architecture became characterized by the elements that supported taller, more graceful architecture — innovations such as pointed arches, flying buttresses, and ribbed vaulting."

  7. 1400 to 1600


    "Italian Renaissance master Andrea Palladio helped awaken a passion for classical architecture when he designed beautiful, highly symmetrical villas such as Villa Rotonda near Venice, Italy."

  8. 1600 to 1830


    "Early in the 1600s, an elaborate new architectural style lavished buildings. What became known as Baroque was characterized by complex shapes, extravagant ornaments, opulent paintings, and bold contrasts."

  9. 1650 to 1790


    "Rococo art and architecture is characterized by elegant decorative designs with scrolls, vines, shell-shapes, and delicate geometric patterns."

  10. 1730 to 1925


    "By the 1700s, European architects were turning away from elaborate Baroque and Rococo styles in favor of restrained Neoclassical approaches."

  11. 1890 to 1914

    Art Nouveau

    "Known as the New Style in France, Art Nouveau was first expressed in fabrics and graphic design."

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